• Sentence Patterns (5)

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    Sentence Patterns (5)

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  • Key Word
    2 kinds of verbs

    ① Verb to Be
     👉 5 only

      (am, is, are, was, were)
      *Sentence Pattern: 1st & 2nd


    ② General Verb
     👉All of verbs

      Except "Verb to Be" (5)
      *Sentence Pattern: 3rd, 4th & 5th

  • 【Point①】 Verb to Be

    All number of "Verb to Be" is 5 only as below*.

    - am, is, are (Present)

    - was, were (Past)

    *Don't change the order as above!!

    【Point②】General Verb

    "General verbs" are all of verbs.

    *Except "Verb to Be" (5).

  • ①: S + V

    【Case①: Special Format】

    • There is Subject / There are Subject (Present Simple)
    • There was Subject / There were Subject (Past Simple)


    There is a cat /in the room.
    = A cat is /in the room.
    👉 Subject (S) is "a cat". (Singular Simple)

    → Verb is "is". (Singular Simple)


    There were plants /on the wall.

           = Plants were /on the wall.

    👉 Subject (S) is "plants". (Plural Simple)

              → Verb is "were". (Plural Simple)

    【Case②: General Verb】

    • I go / to Phnom Penh.
    • A cat walks / on the wall.
    • She sleeps / at 9 o'clock in the evening.

    *We must recognize the sentence as Sentence pattern 1, SV.
    Because of "preposition". We cannot recognize "Preposition" as Component of Sentences (4).

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  • ②: S + V + C (S=C)


    • I am a teacher. (I = a teacher)
    • You are students. (You = students)
    • This is a pen. (This = a pen)
    【Point: How to recognize SVC or SVO for Khmer people】
    If it's difficult for you to recognize SVC or SVO,
    translate the sentence from English to Khmer.
    When you translate the verb to Be as "គឺជា/ គឺ",
    the word next to the verb to Be must be "Complement (C)*".
    So the sentence must be SVC 100%.

    *Complement is the thing that contributes extra features to something else in such a way as to explain or emphasize its quality.

  • ③: S + V + O (S≠O)


    • I have a pen. (I ≠ a pen)
    • I buy a notebook. (I ≠ a notebook)
    • I read books. (I ≠ books)
  • ④: S + V + O1 + O2 (O1≠O2)
        *O1 = People, O2 = Thing(s)


      【Specific Verbs of Sentence Pattern 4th】
      • I teach you English. (you ≠ English)
      • I give you a pen. (you ≠ a pen)

      Point①Is it possible to change the position between O1 and O2?
                   I give you a pen. (SVOO)
             👉 I give a pen / to you. (SVO)
      *We must recognize the sentence as Sentence pattern 3, SVO.
      Because "to" is "preposition". We cannot recognize "Preposition" as Component of Sentences (4).


      Point②: Preposition

      Example: at, on, in, of, for, to, next to, above, below, in front of, behind, with, within, without, etc...
      👉 We cannot recognize "preposition" as Component of Sentence (4).




      Point③: Component of Sentence

      • Subject (S)           = Noun (N)
      • Verb (V)              = ①Verb to Be (5)/②General Verb (All of verbs ,except verb to be (5)
      • Complement (C) = Noun (N)/Adjective (Adj.)
      • Object (O)           = Noun (N)
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      List of specific verbs

      (Sentence Pattern 4th)

    • ⑤: S + V + O + C(O=C)

      【Specific Verbs of Sentence Pattern 5th】



      • I name you Samnang. (you = Samnang)
      • I call you Nang. (you = Nang)
      • I make you happy. (you = happy)
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      List of specific verbs

      (Sentence Pattern 5th)

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      (List of irregular verbs)

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      Different words in English between US and UK